UNESCO: Emergency Action Plan for the Safeguarding of Yemen’s Cultural Heritage announced

   
UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova today announced an Emergency Action Plan for the Safeguarding of Yemen’s Cultural Heritage upon the conclusion of a two-day expert meeting held at UNESCO. The plan responds to the continued threat the ongoing conflict poses to the country’s tangible and intangible cultural heritage.
“It is evident that the destruction of their culture directly affects the identity, dignity and future of the Yemeni people, and moreover their ability to believe in the future,” the Director General said. The Action Plan is also seen within the leading role UNESCO is undertaking to coordinate an international response through the Global Coalition and the “Unite4Heritage” campaign.

The Action Plan, developed by UNESCO, its institutional partners and relevant Yemeni national institutions, aims to respond to the recent widespread destruction of important heritage sites and museums caused by the conflict, as well as to the disruption of intangible heritage expressions, which together constitute the symbols of peoples’ identities and a fundamental asset for the country’s recovery and sustainable development.  
The Plan addresses three main areas of work, including awareness-raising and advocacy; information gathering and coordination; as well as technical assistance through risk-mitigation measures on the ground and capacity building initiatives. Participants in the meeting included experts in built heritage, archaeology, intangible cultural heritage, handicrafts, museums and archives, as well as representatives of key institutions involved in cultural heritage protection and the fight against the illicit trafficking of cultural property, such as INTERPOL, the World Customs Organization, IFLA, ICOM, ICOMOS, ICCROM and ICA.
Yemen’s Ambassador to UNESCO, Ahmed Sayyad, made a passionate call for the world to unite behind Yemen’s heritage. “Sana’a, Aden, Taez, Zabid, Saa’da and Marib are all my cities and they are all your cities,” said Ambassador Sayyad. “They are the past and present for all Yemenis. They are the past and present for every Arab, every Muslim. They are the past and present for every man and woman, whatever their religion or their identity. For this reason, the work to stop the destruction and to preserve is the duty of every Yemeni, every Arab, every Muslim and every man and woman.”
The Director General called on the international community to support the plan. “To succeed, this plan must be funded, and it is clear that local government does not have the resources to undertake these efforts alone,” Ms Bokova said, “I ask you to mobilize your institutions and your contacts to support UNESCO and the Yemeni authorities to implement this action plan.”
In February 2015, a violent conflict erupted in Yemen causing terrible human suffering and loss of life. Since March, over 1500 civilians have reportedly been killed, while 1,270,000 persons were internally displaced, according to UN OCHA. Cultural heritage sites are heavily affected, mostly through collateral damage. However, the intentional destruction of ancient tombs was reported to have occurred, for the first time, in Hadramout, last July.
All three cultural World Heritage properties (Old Walled City of Shibam, Old City of Sana’a, Historic Town of Zabid) are now inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Old City of Sana’a and the historic centre of Saa’da were hit by shelling and gravely damaged.
Many other sites, some of which figure on Yemen’s World Heritage Tentative List, have similarly suffered damage, including the Citadel of Taez, the archaeological site of the pre-Islamic walled city of Baraqish, the archaeological sites of Marib from the end of 2nd millennium B.C., and the Great Dam of Marib, a marvel of technical engineering. Movable heritage has also suffered severe losses, as in the case of the Dhamar Museum, which used to host a collection of 12,500 artefacts, and was completely destroyed in May 2015. 
Click here to read in the UNESCO official website

The Director General of UNESCO condemns the destruction of historic buildings in the Old City of Sana’a, Yemen.

The Director General of UNESCO condemns the destruction of historic buildings in the Old City of Sana’a, Yemen.   Creative Commons/Richard Messenger – Sana’a (Yemen)
In the early hours of 12 June 2015, the Old City of Sana’a, a UNESCO World Heritage site, was hit by a bombing raid. Several houses and historic buildings were destroyed, causing human casualties. Among the buildings destroyed was the magnificent complex of traditional houses in the Al-Qasimi neighborhood, bordering an urban garden (Miqshama), near the Sailah water channel.
“I am profoundly distressed by the loss of human lives as well as by the damage inflicted on one of the world’s oldest jewels of Islamic urban landscape. I am shocked by the images of these magnificent many-storeyed tower-houses and serene gardens reduced to rubble. This destruction will only exacerbate the humanitarian situation and I reiterate my call to all parties to respect and protect cultural heritage in Yemen. This heritage bears the soul of the Yemeni people, it is a symbol of a millennial history of knowledge and it belongs to all humankind” declared the Director General. 

  Sana’a, before and after the bombing raid

Sana’a has been inhabited for more than 2,500 years and bears witness to the wealth and beauty of the Islamic civilization. By the first century AD, it emerged as a centre of the inland trade route and its houses and public buildings are an outstanding example of a traditional, Islamic human settlement. Sana’s dense rammed earth and burnt brick towers, strikingly decorated, are famous around the world and are an integral part of Yemen’s identity and pride. 

Since the beginning of the conflict in Yemen, several houses within the heritage city of Sana’a have suffered damage and collapses as a consequence of shelling and explosions. On 9 June, the Ottoman era Al-Owrdhi historical compound, located just outside the walls of the Old City, were severely damaged. Historic residential buildings, monuments, museums, archaeological sites and places of worship have not been spared. The historic value and memories enshrined in these sites have been irreparably damaged or destroyed.  
Click here to read in the UNESCO official website

INTERNATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM IN BUILT HERITAGE CONSERVATION

اعلان الموقع copyاعلان الموقع1 copy

Copies of the application form are available from CATS


( +967-777361000)

Introduction

At a time when society increasingly realizes the historical and cultural value of that inherited environment and what has been lost through the destruction of buildings, landscapes, and communities, the field of historic preservation has become central to the design, adaptive use, planning, and management of buildings, cities, and regions. By understanding the time dimension in human culture, it identifies history as an integrated component of the continuous change responsible for the material, psychological, and symbolic qualities of our environment.

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صرواح مدينة سبئية تعج بالآثار ومعبد « المقه » أشهرهــا

اكتشاف مستوطنات بشريـة يرجع تاريخها إلى ثلاثـة آلاف عـام قبل الميلاد في صرواح ومأرب

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كشفت مسوحات أثريـة لبعثـة أثريـة يمنيـة عن وجود مستوطنات بشريـة يرجع تاريخها إلى ما قبـل ثلاثة آلاف عام قبل الميلاد بالقرب من مدينة مارب .
وقد توصلت البعثـة الأثاريـة الألمانيـة التابعـة للمعهد الألماني للآثـار وفريق الآثـار اليمني التابع للهيئـة العامـة للآثـار في ضؤ مسوحات و دراسات آثـارية جيولوجيـة وجغرافيـه وهيدرولوكيـة أجرتها ضمن موسمها الآثـاري الثاني في الواحـة الخضراء لمدينة مارب ومنطقـة صرواح , إلى نتائج هامـة ومثيرة تكشف بعض أسـرار مملكـة سبـأ اليمنيـة القديمـة .. فضلا عن قيـام البعثـة بإسقاط أكثـر من 300 موقع آثاري على الخريطـة الآثـارية .

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كيفية تنظيم السياحة الالكترونية و مردودها على صناعة السياحة

مقدم من/ يوسف محمد ورداني – مارس 2008

Sanaa

مقدمة:

ظهر منذ سنوات قليلة مفهوم السياحة الالكترونية، وتناولت العديد من المنظمات الدولية تطبيقاته المختلفة وأثرها على زيادة النمو السياحى خصوصاً فى الدول الأقل نمواً، والتى تشكل فيها عوائد السياحة نسبة كبيرة من الناتج المحلى الإجمالي. وقد أسهم فى زيادة انتشار هذا المفهوم وتطبيقاته المختلفة عدة عوامل أهمها ارتفاع نسبة إسهام السياحة الالكترونية فى إجمالي التجارة الإلكترونية الدولية، وما ينتج عن دمج هذا المفهوم فى البنى المؤسسية للهيئات المعنية بالسياحة من تخفيض فى تكاليف الخدمات السياحية المقدمة وبالتالى الأسعار، وتطوير المنتج السياحى المقدم واستحداث أنشطة سياحية جديدة تتفق مع شرائح السائحين المختلفة، وذلك فضلاً عن زيادة القدرة التنافسية للمؤسسات السياحية، وما يترتب عليها من زيادة فى القيمة المضافة للقطاع السياحى فى الاقتصاد القومى.

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التنمية السياحية في مواقع التراث العمراني/التحديات والمعوقات

مقدمة من المهندسه / مرفت مامون خليل

المملكه الاردنيه الهاشميه / وزارة السياحه و الاثار

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تعتبر السياحة في العديد من الدول من أهم الركائز التي يعتمد عليها الدخل القومي والسياحة في مفهومها هي الانتقال من مكان لآخر بهدف الاطلاع والتعرف والاستمتاع بمواقع مختلفة ويشمل ذلك السياحة الداخلية والسياحة الخارجية، كما تنقسم السياحة حسب نوعية المنتج السياحي إلى سياحة ترفيهية و ثقافية و دينية و علاجية، والسياحة بأنواعها المختلفة ترتكز على عدة مقومات تشمل المنتج السياحي والمصادر البشرية والإدارة والتمويل والتسويق.

سيتطرق البحث إلى التنمية السياحية لمواقع التراث العمراني بكونها من أهم روافد السياحة، بدأ من إدراك أهمية العلاقة ما بين السياحة ومواقع التراث العمراني في إظهار ثقافة الحضارات المختلفة واستنباط المعلومات من خلال ارتياد أفراد المجتمعات المختلفة لهذه المواقع.

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هام جدا : استخدام الوسائط الرقمية في التوثيق المعماري للمباني التاريخية

نحو استراتيجية شاملة لتطوير وصيانة المدن التاريخية

GIS

د. هاشم عبود الموسوي –أستاذ مشارك في قسم العمارة والتخطيط العمراني كلية الهندسة – جامعة المرقب

م. صبا هاشم الموسوي -ماجستير هندسة معمارية

الملخص:

تعتبر الدول العربيه من أكثر المناطق في العالم التي مرت عليها حضارات متنوعة، منذ ما قبل التاريخ وحتى وقتنا الحالي وقد تركت هذه الحضارات بصمات على شكل مباني ومدن تاريخية وأثرية، وتأصلت فيها عمارة بيئية لا تزال مثالاً يستنار به عند التحدث عن الأصالة والهوية والحلول البيئية في العمارة، هذا الإرث المعماري والعمراني على تعاقب فترات التاريخ، لابد من الاهتمام به بشكل واسع بعدما

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ما هي استراتيجية تنمية المدن؟

هي خطة عمل للنمو المتوازن في المدن يتم إعدادها والمحافظة عليها من خلال المشاركة لتحسين نوعية الحياة لجميع المواطنين.

وتتضمن استراتيجية تنمية المدن رؤية جماعية للمدينة وخطة عمل تهدف إلى تحسين الحكم الحضري وإدارته وكذلك زيادة الاستثمار لتوسيع فرص العمل والخدمات وتخفيف الفقر الحضري بطريقة منتظمة ومستمرة.

ويمكن تحقيق هذه الأهداف العامة من خلال

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Modernizing Islamic Architecture For the Benefit of Architects in the Islamic world and Abroad

The book Title:

(The Islamic Architecture and its Specificities in Teaching Curricula)

Author name: Dr. Afif Bahnassi

Excerpts from the book : Chapter Two :

 Modernizing Islamic Architecture For the Benefit of Architects in the Islamic world and Abroad

sanaa city

A/ Authenticity and Modernity

A/1- Islamic architectural heritage is a civilisational treasure that needs to be preserved and studied. We must also explain its features and benefits and work towards completing its development so as to make it more suitable to the conditions of this age and its cultural plurality. Since architecture is the container of civilisation and reflects the cultural identity and the creative and aesthetic levels of man, it is necessary to adhere to its originality and stave off alien architectural invasions which have transformed the character of the Islamic city, and have made of it a cosmopolitan city without any identity or soul, severed from its roots, from its environment and from human beings.

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Culture, Historic Preservation and Economic Development in the 21st Century

Donovan Rypkema

PAPER SUBMITTED TO THE LEADERSHIP CONFERENCE ON CONSERVANCY AND DEVELOPMENT

September 1999, Yunnan Province, China

As the world quickly passes into the 21st Century the context and environment of local economic development is rapidly evolving. The purpose of this paper is to identify some of the elements of that evolving context, establish some principles the will underlie economic development in the 21st Century, enumerate the “Five Senses” that each community will need to be competitive, and suggest that the preservation of the historic built environment, far from being a hamper to economic growth, can be a critical vehicle to make it happen. This paper is not intended to be an exhaustive discussion of any of these issues, rather it is hoped to be a checklist of economic development components against which a variety of specialists can consider their own areas of expertise.

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