INTERNATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM IN BUILT HERITAGE CONSERVATION

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Introduction

At a time when society increasingly realizes the historical and cultural value of that inherited environment and what has been lost through the destruction of buildings, landscapes, and communities, the field of historic preservation has become central to the design, adaptive use, planning, and management of buildings, cities, and regions. By understanding the time dimension in human culture, it identifies history as an integrated component of the continuous change responsible for the material, psychological, and symbolic qualities of our environment.

The identification and analysis of cultural places and their historic fabric, the determination of significance and value, and the design of appropriate conservation and management measures require special preparation in history, theory, documentation, technology, and planning. This is actually the core of the training program to be implemented by GOPHCY in Sanaa, from 12 June to 17 July 2010. The project is financed by The Netherlands Funds-in-Trust (NFiT), an agreement between the Government of the Netherlands and UNESCO to support the World Heritage Centre.

Through coursework, field exercises and studios, the participants will have unparalleled opportunities for study. Training topics concern the evolution of conservation concepts and theories, as well as the methodological and technical aspects related to the conservation and management of historic buildings and cities.

Goals and Objectives

The aim of the program is to offer a critical, technical and scientific education, which provides the participants with the basic knowledge and proper methodology to develop conservation plans for historic buildings and settlements.

More specifically, the Training Program aims to:

· Provide program participants from diverse backgrounds with a basic knowledge of the heritage conservation and management including concepts, perspectives and methodologies associated with architectural and urban heritage interpretation and analysis;

· Inform participants about the World Heritage Convention, international charters and recommendations, and the main issues of the current debate;

· Promote the most updated principles and practices of heritage conservation;

· Provide program participants with a sound understanding of Yemen’s built heritage and build awareness among preservation professionals about its cultural significance in a regional context and with respect to other cultural traditions;

· To prepare participants for the real project in professional practice by simulating typical activities, schedules and research questions that may be presented to a professional preservationist;

· To achieve ability to analyse, to assess and to develop policies.

Media and Methodology

The training program uses a variety of training tools and delivery methods: lectures, field and studio exercises, case studies, a seminar and a round-table.

Lectures

Traditional lecture, using PowerPoint slides, remains an integral part of training. The instructors provide the flexibility to answer specific questions, and refocus the session if necessary. Classroom instruction will focus on concepts and methodologies, other related issues being discussed as time allows. Each module consists of a series of classroom lectures covering specific topics of the main theme (see the training program tables).

Field and Studio course

Proper and effective knowledge in conservation activity can only be achieved by simulating the field, research and design activities involved in a real project. Therefore, a series of practical applications, including field and studio work, will take place in conjunction to theoretical courses. Field work enables the participant to immediately apply the skills he is learning. The studio course supplements class lectures with actual cases, and introduces the student to research and survey methods, documentation, building and urban conservation plans.

Case Studies
The benefit of case study practice is to more creatively and effectively bridge the gap between the classroom and the real world. Two days of case studies presentations are planned, one in the end of Module 2, and one at the end of Module 3. The case studies, all from Yemen, are designed to realistically depict normal operational activities. During these case study presentations, the participants are invited to interact with the guest lecturers as to better translate classroom learning into actual application.

Seminar

An International Seminar on Historic Urban Landscape is organized in the end of Module 3 and in relation to it. The seminar consists of two comprehensive presentations on the topic, followed by a round-table which will facilitate the exchange between the participants, international experts and teaching staff. In the light of the knowledge acquired in Module 3, the participants will debate on the topic of Historic Urban Landscape in Yemen.

Curricula

The design of this training program is based on a needs assessment which took into consideration the experience levels and specific needs of Yemeni conservation professionals, as well as their expectations. The training is “tailored” to the audience receiving it and eventually fine-tuned during implementation.

Curricula Design Approach

The training program has been designed utilizing a “modular” approach. Although it is strongly recommended to attend all the modules (M1+M2+M3), certain flexibility is allowed in choosing the modules. Module 1 (M1) is core activity and should be attended by all the participants. Then, according to their specific interests, they can add Module 2 and Module 3 (M1+M2 or M1+M3). Only in exceptional circumstances, it would be possible to take one module only, at one’s choice (M1, or M2, or M3) or to attend the specialty courses only (M2+M3) without attending Module 1.

Description of Training Activities

Module 1

Fundamentals of Historic Preservations (25 hours, 5 days)

Instructor: Jukka Jokilehto

This module intends to disseminate the basics of heritage conservation, the history and theory of conservation and the core principles of the World Heritage Convention, and is therefore considered mandatory.

Lectures develop according to the following axes:

1. Introduction to Historic Preservation – 5 hours

This course introduces participants to conservation field. It provides the definition of the key concepts of the discipline and the evolution of these concepts through time. The course clarifies the basic conservation terminology, and explains the place, the role and the meaning of heritage conservation in modern societies.

2. History and Theory of Conservation – 10 hours

The aim of this course is to identify and describe the origin and development of the modern approach to the conservation and restoration of ancient monuments and historic buildings, the influence that this development has had on international collaboration in the protection and conservation of cultural heritage and the present consequences worldwide. Finally, the course discusses the main conservation principles promoted by international guiding documents.

3. Field walk and studio exercise – 5 hours

A half-day walk within Old Sanaa will provide behind-the-scenes examination of preservation philosophy and its implementation in real situations. During the studio exercise, participants will be expected to assess the inevitable conservation conflicts of values on aesthetic, historical, social or technical grounds, by analyzing some examples of restoration works.

4. The World Heritage Convention – 5 hours

This course focuses on the World Heritage Convention: its history, evolution, governing principles and main actors, as well as implementation strategy and procedures.

Module 2

Architectural Conservation (10 days, 50 hours)

Instructor: Pamela Jerome

The course provides methods for researching historic structures using archival and physical evidence, deciphering archaic building technologies and documenting structures through professional reports, measured drawings, photography, etc. An integrated examination of the historic building materials, their deterioration mechanisms, and strategies for assessing conditions, conserving and rehabilitating historic resources.

The module develops through a series of lectures on the following topics:

1. An overview of the architectural heritage of Yemen – 3 hours

Presentation of main typologies, materials and techniques, historic structural systems, regional characteristics, current problems (particular emphasis on the effects of geography and climate, cultural demands and cross-fertilization).

2. Building Technology – 5 hours

The participants learn the traditional construction materials and methods. Structural and decorative building components including baked and mud brick and stone masonry, wooden framing, roofing, and lime plaster will be discussed.

3. Building Pathology – 5 hours

The participants learn the technical aspects of building deterioration and the adequate treatments.  Construction and reconstruction details and assemblies are analyzed relative to functional and performance characteristics.  Lectures cover subsurface conditions, structural systems, wall and roof systems, and interior finishes with attention to performance, deterioration, and stabilization or intervention techniques.

4. Building Diagnosis – 7 hours

The participants learn how to determine the nature of a building’s condition of performance and identify the corresponding causative pathologies by careful observation and investigation of its history, context and use. 

5. Conservation Planning – 5 hours

Participants learn how to gather, analyze and assess information that bears upon policy decision and on the processes of making those decisions. A Conservation Plan sets out what is significant in a place and what policies are appropriate to enable that significance to be retained in the future use and development of the place.

6. Building Conservation Studio – 20 hours (4 days)

Instructor: Pamela Jerome;

The Building Conservation Studio is a practical course in historic building conservation, bringing to bear the wide range of skills and ideas at play in the field of heritage conservation.  Through the documentation and analysis of a selected historic building, the studio undertakes a series of exercises, as follows:

· E1: Team gathering; Work plan; Gathering documentary and physical evidence

· E2: Recording historic structures: architectural survey; damage survey

· E3: Establishing the causes of the damage; Decay diagnosis; Emergency measures

· E4: Defining the approach for the retention, reinforcement or revelation of significant fabric, form, spaces, character, and compatible uses, and removal of disturbing elements

7. Case Studies – 5 hours (1 day)

Guest-lecturer: Abdullah Al-Hadrami

Presentation of case studies (restoration of historic monuments in Yemen) by a Yemeni conservation architect with extensive experience in architectural conservation. The presentation will focus on the methodological steps of the conservation process.

Module 3

Urban Conservation (10 days, 50 hours)

Instructor: Daniele Pini

The course provides methods for researching historic towns and cities using archival and physical evidence, and cartography, reading the transformations of the urban form and identifying future evolution trends. An integrated examination of the historic urban fabric, its components and their relationships, and the assessment of its physical condition, would allow the preparation of an effective conservation and development control tool: the Urban Conservation Plan.

The following one-day seminar on ‘Historic Urban Landscape’ is directly linked to the topics discussed in this module. The participants in Module 3 should also attend the Seminar on HUL, complementary to Module 3.

The lectures develop the following topics:

1. Historic cities of Yemen – 3 hours

The introductory lecture recalls the characteristics of historic cities in Yemen: their urban form, urban morphology, and current problems. Stress will be put on the urgent need for developing such tools for the historic cities of Yemen.

2. Conservation Planning Methodology I: Understanding the Site and its Conditions 12 hours

The participants will learn the steps of the planning process for historic cities/city centres. First, defining the approach and strategic objectives of the plan, than the tools and techniques historical: research, analysis of historic and actual cartography, inventory of built structures and open spaces, and other assessments, which provide the necessary knowledge for planning decisions.

3. Conservation Planning Methodology II: The Plan – 10 hours

The participants learn how to transpose the analyses into plan assumptions: the development of the graphic plan and regulations, the guidelines for conservation works and new design within the historic area. The course discusses also the legal tools for the protection, conservation and enhancement of historic centres/cities as well as enforcement procedures, in Yemen and elsewhere.

4. Urban Conservation Studio – 20 hours

Instructor: Daniele Pini;

A practical 4-day course in urban conservation, bringing to bear the wide range of skills and ideas at play in the field of heritage conservation.  The main focus of the studio is to demonstrate how, through careful evaluation of problems and potentials, urban conservation planning can respond to common conflicts between the conservation of historic and aesthetic values and the pressure of social forces, economic interests, and politics.

The studio consists of a series of exercises conducted in a selected historic neighborhood of Old Sanaa and includes:

· E1: Gathering evidence and conducting surveys

· E2: Co-ordination and analysis of data; Assessment of cultural significance.

· E3: Development of policies (for conservation, and urban development control) for a sample area

· E4: Development of an infill project within the sample area: establishing design criteria and concept drawings, compliance with relevant legislation.

7. Case Studies 5 hours (1 day)

2 presentations of Case Studies. The first presentation will explain the steps involved in the conservation planning process for the World Heritage Cities of Shibam and Zabid, with a focus on the specificity of planning for World Heritage properties. The second presentation concentrates on issues and challenges of heritage management in Zabid, a historic city inscribed on the World Heritage List in Danger, and stresses the importance of considering the Outstanding Universal Value of the site in day-to-day decision-making.

International Seminar on Historic Urban Landscape (4 hours)

Concerned by the multitude of World Heritage Cities facing difficulties in reconciling conservation and development, the World Heritage Committee requested the development of a new UNESCO Recommendation to provide updated guidelines in this regard. In addition to this, the World Heritage Committee has requested to investigate the impacts of modern architectural insertions in historic urban environments, and for developing guidance on visual impact assessments. The two seminar’s presentations expand on these topics, very pertinent to historic urban landscapes of Yemen.

1. Presentation by Ron van Oers, UNESCO, World Heritage Centre

The presentation will introduce the participants the World Heritage Cities Programme, one of six thematic programmes monitored by the World Heritage Committee which aims to assist States Parties in the challenges of protecting and managing their urban heritage. The presentation, richly illustrated, will focus on the development of the UNESCO Recommendation on the Conservation of Urban Settlements by means of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) Approach.

2. Presentation by Arch. Jad Tabet, Atelier Tabet, Paris

This presentation discusses the role of design within the context of existing actual historic urban landscape, with an emphasis on the specifics of the individual buildings which contributes to designer’s ability to discern the character of the given built context, and its overall homogeneity. Illustrated with author’s case studies, the presentation will stress the development of criteria to design an infill structure that is sympathetic to the surrounding built or natural context.

3. Round-table

The two presentations are followed by a round-table, where the international experts and two Yemeni preservationists (one site manager and one architect) will dialogue with the audience as to better understand the pertinence of the historic urban landscape approach to current Yemen’s development context.



INTERNATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAM IN

BUILT HERITAGE CONSERVATION

Sanaa, 12 June – 17 July 2010

Saturday, 12 June

10:00-12:00

Opening Ceremony

10:00 10:15 Official Launch Address by Dr. Mohammed Abu Bakr al-Maflahi, Yemeni Minister of Culture

10:15 – 10:35 Opening Speech by Dr. Abdullah Zayd Ayssa, President of GOPHCY

10:35 – 11:25 Inaugural Conference by Prof. Dr. Bernd von Droste zu Hülshoff, Founding Director of the UNESCO World Heritage Center, Paris

11:25 – 12:00 Welcome Reception

Sunday 13 June-Wednesday 14 July

9:00-12:00 14:00-16:00 (12:00-14:00 Lunch and prayer break)

Training Programme

Module 1: FUNDAMENTALS OF HERITAGE CONSERVATION

13-17 June

· Instructor: Prof. Dr. Jukka Jokilehto, Conservation Architect and City Planner, Advisor to the Director General at ICCROM, President of the International Training Committee of ICOMOS.

Module 2: ARCHITECTURAL CONSERVATION

19-30 June (first week, 19-23 June, second week, 26-30 June)

· Instructors: Pamela Jerome, Conservation Architect, WASA/Studio A, New York, USA, Adjunct Associate Professor, Graduate School of Architecture, Columbia University,

Module 3: URBAN CONSERVATION

3-14 July (first week, 3-7 July, second week, 10-14 July)

· Instructors: Prof. Daniele Pini, Professor of Urban Planning, University of Ferrara, Italy,

Sunday 17 July

9:00-15:00

International Seminar on “Historic Urban Landscape”

09:00 – 10:15 Presentation by Dr. Ron van Oers, Program Specialist, UNESCO World Heritage Centre, Paris

10:15 – 10:30 Coffee Break

10:30 – 12:00 Presentation by Jad Tabet, Architect and Urban Planner, Paris (Former member of the World Heritage Committee for Lebanon)

12:00 – 14:00 Lunch and prayer break

14:00 – 15:00 Round-table and conclusions

Closing Ceremony

15:00 – 15:15 Closing remarks by Dr. Abdullah Zayd Ayssa, President of GOPHCY

15:15 – 16:00 Granting “Certificates of Completion” to participants

6 تعليقات

  1. gamal said,

    أكتوبر 29, 2016 في 4:50 م

    لو سمحتم اشتي عن التوثيق المعماري

    أعجبني

  2. nadiangk said,

    يونيو 30, 2012 في 1:09 م

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    أعجبني

  3. فبراير 13, 2011 في 7:57 م

    نداء الى الاخ وزير الثقافة د/ محمدابوبكرالمفلحي من ابناء زبيد
    والاخ رئيس الهيئة عبدالله زيد
    بوافر الاحترام والتقدير لمواقفكم الداعمة لاصلاح مسارات النهج المغلوط لبرنامج المدن التاريخية في المدينة فاننا نؤكد لكم مشاطرتكم هذا الحرص وعزمنا الصادق للاستفادة من البرنامج لاهمية زبيد واستحقاقها لهذة الالتفا تة الكريمة من الاخ الرئيس القائد وما يقلقنا ان الادارة المنفذة لهذا البرنامج تمارس سياسة قمع للمواطنين ومخالفة فادحة للقوانين والانظمة في سلب الحريات العامة ومصادرة الملكية الخاصة ومغالطة السلطة المركزية عن حقيقة ما يدور في المدينة وندعوكم للتد خل المباشر في استشراف الامور عن كثب ونلفت عنايتكم ان هذه الادارة لازالت تمارس الالتفاف والمغالطة لنا ولكم من خلال ممارستها الغير قانونية لتوسيع الهوة بين البرنامج والمجتمع فهي حاليا تفتح برنامج توعية مغلوط وبدون اى اد بيات واضحة على عكس الهدف المطلوب والذي يتمثل في الاستفتاء على مخطط المينة لغرض تجاوز الاخطاء التي يحتويها والذي سبق طرحها في اكثر من مناسبة بحضوركم وعدد من ممثلي منظمات الدعم للبرنامج وتم التوجية باعادة النظر في هذ ا المخطط واصلاحة ليكون الخطوة الاولى على طريق تحجيم الاستياءات من البرنامج
    الاان الوضع القائم لايتعامل مع هذه الفرضيةعلى هذا الاساس ولم يقدم للناس الموضوع بهذه الكيفية حيث يقو م بجلب الناس للتفرج على المخططات الخالية من اي تفسير سوى الالوان التى تحكى مايلي الاحمر منطقة مخالفات واجب ازالتها الاسود منطقة معالم تاريخية واجب حمايتها اصفر منطقة متنفسا ت البرتقالي حدائق البنى مواقف سيارات الخ جميع هذه الالوان بحاجة الى توضيح تفصيلي عن الاسباب والالية والمعالجات المطروحة حتي تكون صالحة للنقاش لان زبيد بكاملها لايوجد فيها شبر واحد غير مملوك شانها شان مدن اليمن كلها الامر الذي يحتم ضرورة ارجاءهذه التوعية حتى يتم وضع الية واضحة و شفافة للاستفتاء الصادق على المخططات لاخراج ز بيد من دائرة الاحتقان والتعبة الخاطئة ضد البرنامج واصدار دليل تفصيلي لشرح ماهية وكيفة التعامل مع محدد ات المخطط لاننا نرى بان استمرار هذا الوضع سيدخل البرنامج في منعطف اسوء مماكان علية وسيؤسس لمواجهات لايحمد عقباها لحماية الممتلكات الخاصة وسنكون غير معنيين للاتزام بمخرجات هذة التوعية لان مابني على باطل فهو باطل وندعوكم لتستقر الامور البدء باحداث تغيير جذر ي لقيادات مكب المدن الذي ثبت بمالايدع مجا للشك عدم كفاءتهم ونزاهتهم في ادرة البرنامج لاكثرمن عشرين عام فزبيد لن تامن هذة الادارة ولن تتعاون معها تحت أي مبرر وهومن حقنا ولو اضطرينا لعمل انتخبات محلية لادرة البرنامج تحت اشرافكم و الشؤن الاجتماعية مع العلم بان غالبية اهل الراي والعامة مقاطعون هذة التوعية عدى موظفي المكتب وادارة التوعية الجديدة التي لاتحسن استيعاب مشاركة الحضور وتستفزهم وتسيء اليهم الامر الذي ادى الى مغادرة الكثير منهم لقاعة التوية المشؤمة والتاء سيس للمقاطعة وقد بلغنا عزمكم الحضور الى زبيد على اساس تكليف وزير الثقافة يوم الخميس القادم فاهلا وسهلا بكم ان كنتم تحملون اجندة تسهم في وضع حلول ومعالجات تستطعون القيام بتنفيذها وتلتزمون بها والا فلا داعي لازعاج انفسكم فنحن نقراء عن وضعكم مع الهيئةة ونعرف موقفكم سلفا اذا كانت نفس الاسطوانة والله من وراء القصد والسلام عليكم
    ابناء زبيد 11/2/2011م

    أعجبني

  4. Amal said,

    نوفمبر 28, 2010 في 8:45 ص

    اشكركم للرد علي ايميلي واتمني منكم مساعدتي في اعطائي الجواب الكافي عن اهمية اعادة التأهيل للمباني التراثية القديمة في الوطن العربي واهمية مردود هذا النظام من الناحية الاقتصادية مع ذكر امثله عربية و اجنبية علي ذلك.
    مع جزيل شكري وامتناني

    أعجبني

  5. Amal said,

    أغسطس 8, 2010 في 7:53 ص

    اريد دليل لاعادة التاهيل المباني التراثية لفاس.
    وشكرا جزيلا.

    أعجبني

  6. Amal said,

    أغسطس 8, 2010 في 7:15 ص

    موضوع جدا شيق ومهم ولكن ينقصه شئ واحد وهو الرابط بكل موضوع , حيث يهمني القراءة باكثر توسع في هذا المجال. هل من الممكن اعادة صياغة الموضوع بوضع روابط النت معها حتي تتكامل المعلومة. ومجددا لكم من جزيل الشكر علي هذا العمل الشيق.

    أعجبني


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